research

The Efficacy of Manual and Manipulative Therapy for Low Back Pain in Military Active Duty Personnel: A Feasibility Study

AUTHORS: William Meeker, D.C., M.P.H.; Lt. Col. Richard Petri, M.D.; Dana Lawrence, D.C.; Edward Owens, D.C., M.S.; Cyndy Long, Ph.D. 

Back pain is a large and important problem in the military, and chiropractic care has not yet been studied for inclusion in military treatment algorithms. The aims of this project are to evaluate the ability of the addition of chiropractic care to standard military medical care to decrease pain and increase function for military personnel on active duty with acute and subacute back pain, and to determine the feasibility of conducting further clinical research on chiropractic topics in military settings. This study is funded by the Samueli Foundation for Information Biology.

Validity of Manual Palpation for Intervertebral Rotational Malposition

AUTHORS: Robert Cooperstein, D.C., M.A.; Michael Haneline, D.C., M.P.H. 

The goal of this study is to test the hypothesis that the manual palpatory technique used in many teaching clinics for the determination of intervertebral rotational malposition is accurate as compared with the gold standard of X-ray evaluation. The exact location and line of drive for spinal adjustments is often determined by palpation, but it is unknown if there is a strong correlation between palpatory findings and anatomical determinations of vertebral position based on X-rays. This study is funded internally.

Changes in Paraspinal Muscle Spindle Sensitivity

AUTHORS: Joel Pickar, D.C., Ph.D.; Edward Owens, D.C., M.S.; Charles Henderson, D.C., Ph.D.; Ram Gudavalli, Ph.D. 

It appears from other studies that the position history of muscle and joint tissues may affect the accuracy of the segmental motor control systems in the spine. The objective of this study is to acquire data that may provide a rationale for examining proprioceptive mechanisms in a patient population and determine if the mechanical history of cervical paraspinal muscles affects an individual’s ability to re-position his/her head. This study is funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health.

Effect of Vertebral Loading on Facet Joint Capsule

AUTHORS: Joel Pickar, D.C., Ph.D.; Partap Khalsa, D.C., Ph.D., Cyndy Long, Ph.D. 

The long-term goal is to understand the functional interactions between spinal biomechanics and the nervous system, and to provide important and useful information regarding the mechanisms by which spine disorders affect the nervous system for conditions amenable to treatment by spinal manipulation and adjustments. The short-range goal is to develop a mathematical model of the effects of manipulation on sensory neurons innervating facet capsule tissues.

The William and Jo Harris Building on Palmer’s Davenport campus houses the Palmer Center for Chiropractic Research.
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